Hip arthroplasty, sometimes referred to as total hip replacement, is a popular orthopaedic operation nowadays. Patients can continue their regular, everyday activities after having the hip joint replaced with an implant or “prosthesis” since it reduces discomfort and enhances mobility. Total hip replacement is now one of the easiest and most efficient surgeries possible because of advancements in medical technology. For many patients, this technique is a game-changer since it causes very little discomfort and has a quick recovery time.
Patients can select either a regular hip replacement surgery or a minimally invasive hip replacement surgery, depending on their unique circumstances. To examine and access the hip joint during the typical surgical procedure for complete hip replacement, a single, lengthy incision is made. One or two smaller incisions are utilised as an alternative less invasive technique. The purpose of utilising smaller incisions is to lessen discomfort and hasten the healing process. You must choose the Best Orthopedic Hospital in India since they will help you through your procedure and recuperation.
The minimally invasive approach, in contrast to conventional hip replacement surgeries, is not appropriate for all individuals. Contact a consultant at Shinon Global for advice on this process.
Standard Hip Replacement
To carry out a standard hip replacement:
- On the hip’s side, a 10- to 12-inch incision is created. The surgical team may dislocate the hip and see it clearly since the muscles are divided or separated from the hip.
- A metal stem is inserted into the hollow centre of the femur to replace the broken femoral head. A metal or ceramic ball is then attached to the stem’s top portion. The injured femoral head that was removed is replaced by this ball.
- A metal socket is used to replace the acetabulum, the socket’s injured cartilage surface. The socket may occasionally be secured in place with screws or cement.
- To provide a smooth gliding surface, a plastic, ceramic, or metal spacer is put between the new ball and the socket.
Hip Replacement with Minimal Invasiveness
Although the surgical process for minimally invasive total hip replacement is comparable to a typical approach, less tissue around the hip is cut. The artificial implants that are utilised are the identical ones that are utilised for conventional hip replacement. Yet in order to prepare the socket and femur and to correctly put the implants, certain surgical tools are required.
One or two tiny incisions can be used to conduct a complete hip replacement utilising minimally invasive techniques. Less tissue disruption is made possible by smaller incisions. Minimally invasive hip replacement surgery has the following goals:
- Use a smaller incision, approximately 3 to 6 inches long, as opposed to the 10 to 12-inch incision utilised in conventional surgery to cause less skin damage.
- Reduce the scar’s size.
- Lessen the amount of harm you do to the soft tissue and muscles around the joint.
- Decrease the patient’s hospital stay from 3 to 5 days to as little as 1 or 2 days, as opposed to typical surgery’s 3 to 5 day stay.
- Help a patient recover more quickly, cutting down on their hospital stay and speeding up their physical rehabilitation.
Note: The hospital stay following minimally invasive surgery is typically 1 to 2 days shorter than the stay following standard hip replacement surgery. Physical therapy is an essential part of healing. You can handle the discomfort, though, because the Best Hip Replacement Surgeons in India are so conveniently accessible.
Several Low Invasive Hip Replacement Surgery Techniques
For a total hip replacement, there are many surgical techniques. We’ve outlined two typical methods you should think about:
- A posterior technique using the back of the hip as the target for the incision. This method is more common because it enables the surgeon to access the hip from the rear, improving joint visibility without affecting the hip abductor muscles.
- A frontal hip incision is used in an anterior approach. By entering through the front of the body and moving through the hip muscles that support the hip joint, the surgeon can reach the hip joint. With this treatment, smaller incisions are frequently attainable. The anterior method to total hip replacement is growing in popularity since it is less invasive, requires fewer hospital stays, and speeds up patient recovery and rehabilitation.
With physical tests, diagnostic imaging (X-rays, CT-scans), and consultations with your surgeon, the best operation for you will be chosen
Questions to Ask Your Surgeon About a Hip Replacement
These are some queries to bring up with your surgeon if you’re thinking about getting a hip replacement.
- What is a hip replacement that is minimally invasive? Do you make one or two incisions? What length(s) do the incision(s) have?
- Is the procedure the same as a typical hip replacement behind the skin?
- What may a minimally invasive hip replacement be limited to?
- Exist any issues that are specific to a minimally invasive hip replacement? How severe? What problems have you personally encountered?
- How many procedures have you completed with your existing methods?
- Do minimally invasive hip replacement short-term outcomes outperform those from traditional incisions?